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The Zinc Transporter Slc30a8/ZnT8 Is Required in a Subpopulation of Pancreatic α-Cells for Hypoglycemia-induced Glucagon Secretion

Solomou, Antonia
Meur, Gargi
Bellomo, Elisa
Hodson, David J
Tomas, Alejandra
Migrenne Li, Stéphanie
Philippe, Erwann
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Published in Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2015, vol. 290, no. 35, p. 21432-21442
Abstract SLC30A8 encodes a zinc transporter ZnT8 largely restricted to pancreatic islet β- and α-cells, and responsible for zinc accumulation into secretory granules. Although common SLC30A8 variants, believed to reduce ZnT8 activity, increase type 2 diabetes risk in humans, rare inactivating mutations are protective. To investigate the role of Slc30a8 in the control of glucagon secretion, Slc30a8 was inactivated selectively in α-cells by crossing mice with alleles floxed at exon 1 to animals expressing Cre recombinase under the pre-proglucagon promoter. Further crossing to Rosa26:tdRFP mice, and sorting of RFP(+): glucagon(+) cells from KO mice, revealed recombination in ∼30% of α-cells, of which ∼50% were ZnT8-negative (14 ± 1.8% of all α-cells). Although glucose and insulin tolerance were normal, female αZnT8KO mice required lower glucose infusion rates during hypoglycemic clamps and displayed enhanced glucagon release (p < 0.001) versus WT mice. Correspondingly, islets isolated from αZnT8KO mice secreted more glucagon at 1 mm glucose, but not 17 mm glucose, than WT controls (n = 5; p = 0.008). Although the expression of other ZnT family members was unchanged, cytoplasmic (n = 4 mice per genotype; p < 0.0001) and granular (n = 3, p < 0.01) free Zn(2+) levels were significantly lower in KO α-cells versus control cells. In response to low glucose, the amplitude and frequency of intracellular Ca(2+) increases were unchanged in α-cells of αZnT8KO KO mice. ZnT8 is thus important in a subset of α-cells for normal responses to hypoglycemia and acts via Ca(2+)-independent mechanisms.
PMID: 26178371
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Research group Types cellulaires pancréatiques pendant l'ontogénèse (522)
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SOLOMOU, Antonia et al. The Zinc Transporter Slc30a8/ZnT8 Is Required in a Subpopulation of Pancreatic α-Cells for Hypoglycemia-induced Glucagon Secretion. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2015, vol. 290, n° 35, p. 21432-21442. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M115.645291 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:78241

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Deposited on : 2015-12-04

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