Scientific article
Open access

WASH is required for lysosomal recycling and efficient autophagic and phagocytic digestion

Published inMolecular biology of the cell, vol. 24, no. 17, p. 2714-2726
Publication date2013

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein and SCAR homologue (WASH) is an important regulator of vesicle trafficking. By generating actin on the surface of intracellular vesicles, WASH is able to directly regulate endosomal sorting and maturation. We report that, in Dictyostelium, WASH is also required for the lysosomal digestion of both phagocytic and autophagic cargo. Consequently, Dictyostelium cells lacking WASH are unable to grow on many bacteria or to digest their own cytoplasm to survive starvation. WASH is required for efficient phagosomal proteolysis, and proteomic analysis demonstrates that this is due to reduced delivery of lysosomal hydrolases. Both protease and lipase delivery are disrupted, and lipid catabolism is also perturbed. Starvation-induced autophagy therefore leads to phospholipid accumulation within WASH-null lysosomes. This causes the formation of multilamellar bodies typical of many lysosomal storage diseases. Mechanistically, we show that, in cells lacking WASH, cathepsin D becomes trapped in a late endosomal compartment, unable to be recycled to nascent phagosomes and autophagosomes. WASH is therefore required for the maturation of lysosomes to a stage at which hydrolases can be retrieved and reused.

  • Actin-Related Protein 2-3 Complex/metabolism
  • Actins/metabolism
  • Autophagy
  • Cathepsin D/metabolism
  • Dictyostelium/metabolism
  • Endosomes/metabolism
  • Lysosomes/metabolism
  • Microfilament Proteins/genetics/metabolism
  • Phagocytosis
  • Phagosomes/physiology
  • Protein Transport
  • Proteomics
  • Protozoan Proteins/genetics/metabolism
  • Vesicular Transport Proteins/genetics/metabolism
  • Beta-N-Acetylhexosaminidases/metabolism
Citation (ISO format)
KING, Jason S et al. WASH is required for lysosomal recycling and efficient autophagic and phagocytic digestion. In: Molecular biology of the cell, 2013, vol. 24, n° 17, p. 2714–2726. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E13-02-0092
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1059-1524

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