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Title

Low doses of zidovudine plus didanosine are less effective than higher doses of didanosine monotherapy: a randomized trial in patients pretreated with zidovudine

Authors
Chave, J. P.
Ruef, Christian
Iten, A.
Bucher, H. C.
Vernazza, P. L.
Furrer, Hansjakob
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Published in Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 1997, vol. 3, no. 6, p. 629-633
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy and tolerance of didanosine (ddl) monotherapy with low-dose zidovudine/didanosine (AZT/ddl) therapy among HIV-infected patients previously treated with AZT. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out of ddl 400 mg daily versus AZT/ddl 300/200 mg daily among patients with CD4 cell counts </=350 mm3 and prior AZT treatment for at least 16 weeks. Fifty eight patients received ddl monotherapy and 66 combined treatment. RESULTS: Patients were similar with respect to demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics, and prior AZT treatment. Median duration of follow-up was 17.3 months. In the ddl group, 20 patients (34%) discontinued treatment because of toxicity, compared to 19 (29%) in the AZT/ddl group (p=0.38). There was no statistically significant difference in CD4 change between the two groups. In the ddl group, 16 patients (28%) developed a clinical endpoint (death or AIDS-defining opportunistic infection), compared to 33 (50%) in the combined therapy group (relative risk 1.8; 95% confidence interval 1.1-2.9; p=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: For fairly advanced AZT-pretreated patients, monotherapy with ddl was clinically and statistically superior to the low-dose AZT/ddl combination in preventing AIDS-defining illness and death. When access to drugs is limited, e.g. in under-resourced countries, combining available drugs and reducing dosage may be less effective than a single drug at the conventional dosage.
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PMID: 11864204
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SUDRE, Philippe et al. Low doses of zidovudine plus didanosine are less effective than higher doses of didanosine monotherapy: a randomized trial in patients pretreated with zidovudine. In: Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 1997, vol. 3, n° 6, p. 629-633. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:7594

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Deposited on : 2010-06-21

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