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HAART and the heart: changes in coronary risk factors and implications for coronary risk in men starting antiretroviral therapy

Sterne, J. A.
May, M.
Bucher, H. C.
Ledergerber, Bruno
Furrer, Hansjakob
Cavassini, M.
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Published in Journal of Internal Medicine. 2007, vol. 261, no. 3, p. 255-267
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To estimate changes in coronary risk factors and their implications for coronary heart disease (CHD) rates in men starting highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). METHODS: Men participating in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study with measurements of coronary risk factors both before and up to 3 years after starting HAART were identified. Fractional polynomial regression was used to graph associations between risk factors and time on HAART. Mean risk factor changes associated with starting HAART were estimated using multilevel models. A prognostic model was used to predict corresponding CHD rate ratios. RESULTS: Of 556 eligible men, 259 (47%) started a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) and 297 a protease inhibitor (PI) based regimen. Levels of most risk factors increased sharply during the first 3 months on HAART, then more slowly. Increases were greater with PI- than NNRTI-based HAART for total cholesterol (1.18 vs. 0.98 mmol L(-1)), systolic blood pressure (3.6 vs. 0 mmHg) and BMI (1.04 vs. 0.55 kg m(2)) but not HDL cholesterol (0.24 vs. 0.32 mmol L(-1)) or glucose (1.02 vs. 1.03 mmol L(-1)). Predicted CHD rate ratios were 1.40 (95% CI 1.13-1.75) and 1.17 (0.95-1.47) for PI- and NNRTI-based HAART respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Coronary heart disease rates will increase in a majority of patients starting HAART: however the increases corresponding to typical changes in risk factors are relatively modest and could be offset by lifestyle changes.
Keywords AdultAgedAnti-HIV Agents/ adverse effectsAntiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active/ adverse effectsCohort StudiesCoronary Disease/ chemically inducedHIV Infections/complications/ drug therapyHumansMaleMiddle AgedMultivariate AnalysisRisk FactorsSwitzerland
PMID: 17305648
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STERNE, J. A. et al. HAART and the heart: changes in coronary risk factors and implications for coronary risk in men starting antiretroviral therapy. In: Journal of Internal Medicine, 2007, vol. 261, n° 3, p. 255-267. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2796.2006.01761.x https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:7592

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Deposited on : 2010-06-21

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