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Colour vision in AIDS patients without HIV retinopathy

Roth, André
Published in Vision Research. 1998, vol. 38, no. 21, p. 3441-3446
Abstract Patients suffering from AIDS develop ocular complications, the most frequent being HIV retinopathy. It is however not clear, if functional visual impairments can be observed as early indicators of ocular complications, before clinical diagnosis of HIV retinopathy is made at fundus examination. To address this issue, we measured colour vision in a group of 49 AIDS subjects with normal clinical fundi using the 'two equation method'. This method, combining red-green Rayleigh and the blue-green Moreland metameric matches, enables more complete and quantitative assessments of colour vision than those based on pigmentary tests. Data were collected on our computer controlled colorimeter and compared to those of normal subjects. While most AIDS subjects without HIV retinopathy demonstrated normal colour vision, a significant portion of them had wider matches than normal subjects (11% for the Rayleigh equation and 16% for the Moreland equation). Furthermore, matching ranges of the Moreland equation were significantly correlated with CD4 lymphocyte counts. Patients with low CD4 values tended to produce larger matching ranges than the patients with high CD4 values. A within subject study on 17 patients confirmed this trend and showed that the patients who increased/decreased their CD4 blood counts generally improved/impaired their colour discrimination in the Moreland match. No such correlation was found between the matching ranges of the Rayleigh equation and the CD4 counts. These results show that colour discrimination is slightly reduced in some AIDS subjects, although there are no detectable ocular complications. They also suggest two different types of colour vision impairments in AIDS patients without retinopathy: one reversible process affecting colour discrimination in the blue-green range; and another irreversible process affecting colour discrimination in the red-green range.
Keywords Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/blood/ physiopathologyAdultCD4 Lymphocyte CountColor Perception/ physiologyColor Perception TestsColor Vision Defects/diagnosisFemaleHumansMaleMiddle Aged
PMID: 9893862
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SOMMERHALDER, Jorg et al. Colour vision in AIDS patients without HIV retinopathy. In: Vision Research, 1998, vol. 38, n° 21, p. 3441-3446. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:7587

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Deposited on : 2010-06-21

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