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Title

Behavioural changes in intravenous drug users in Geneva: rise and fall of HIV infection, 1980-1989

Authors
Robert, Claude-François
Wintsch, J.
Martin, J. L.
Gabriel, V.
Published in AIDS. 1990, vol. 4, no. 7, p. 657-660
Abstract In the early 1980s, more than 90% of intravenous drug users (IVDUs) shared needles and syringes in Geneva. The prevalence of antibodies to HIV in the sera of outpatient IVDUs increased from 6% in 1981 to 38% in 1983; it was, however, still only 37% in 1988. IVDUs starting methadone maintenance in 1987-1989 had a seroprevalence rate of 22%. In 1989 the percentage of IVDUs exchanging syringes and needles fell to only 5% of seropositive addicts. Only one seroconversion was observed in 1094 patient-months of observation in 1988-1989, which was probably due to sexual contact. The evidence suggests that, in the IDVUs studied, transmission of HIV has diminished since the early 1980s.
Keywords AdolescentAdultBehaviorFemaleHIV Infections/complications/epidemiology/ transmissionHIV Seropositivity/complications/epidemiology/transmissionHIV SeroprevalenceHumansMaleSubstance Abuse, Intravenous/complications/epidemiology/ psychologySwitzerland/epidemiologyTime Factors
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PMID: 2397058
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ROBERT, Claude-François et al. Behavioural changes in intravenous drug users in Geneva: rise and fall of HIV infection, 1980-1989. In: AIDS, 1990, vol. 4, n° 7, p. 657-660. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:7549

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Deposited on : 2010-06-21

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