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Stimulation of pro-opiomelanocortin gene expression by glucocorticoids in the denervated rat intermediate pituitary gland

Seger, M A
van Eekelen, J A
Burbach, J P
de Kloet, E R
Published in Neuroendocrinology. 1988, vol. 47, no. 4, p. 350-7
Abstract The effect of frontal deafferentation of the medial basal hypothalamus on pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) gene expression was studied in the intermediate lobe (IL) and anterior lobe (AL) of the pituitary gland in the absence and presence of corticosterone (CORT). The lesion in the basal hypothalamus removed neural inputs to the IL and induced the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in this tissue. The GR was visualized in the denervated IL by immunocytochemistry. Induction of the GR had a slow onset and was detectable at 3 weeks after lesion, but not at one week after the lesion. In order to study the effect of IL denervation on pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) gene expression, the level of messenger RNA specifically encoding POMC was measured 1 and 3 weeks after lesion, in the IL and AL. In adrenalectomized (ADX) animals, the changes in POMC mRNA levels were not significant 1 week after lesion in the IL. Three weeks after denervation there was a 3-fold decrease in POMC mRNA in the IL in ADX rats which was blocked by chronic CORT replacement via subcutaneously implanted pellets. In the AL, CORT reduced the level of POMC gene expression in both the lesioned and control animals. It is concluded that (1) removal of neural input induces GR in the denervated IL cells; (2) with the appearance of the GR, POMC gene expression in the IL becomes sensitive to circulating glucocorticoids; (3) under these conditions, CORT may stimulate POMC gene expression in the IL as opposed to its inhibitory effect in the AL.
Keywords AdrenalectomyAnimalsCorticosterone/pharmacologyDenervationGene Expression Regulation/drug effectsImmunohistochemistryMalePituitary Gland/metabolismPro-Opiomelanocortin/geneticsRNA, Messenger/metabolismRatsRats, Inbred StrainsReceptors, Glucocorticoid/drug effects/metabolismVasopressins/metabolism
PMID: 3374760
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Research group Progéniteurs neuronaux (141)
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SEGER, M A et al. Stimulation of pro-opiomelanocortin gene expression by glucocorticoids in the denervated rat intermediate pituitary gland. In: Neuroendocrinology, 1988, vol. 47, n° 4, p. 350-7. doi: 10.1159/000124936 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:74774

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Deposited on : 2015-08-19

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