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Organization of vasotocin-immunoreactive cells and fibers in the canary brain

Voorhuis, T A
van Eekelen, J A
de Kloet, E R
de Wied, D
Published in Journal of Comparative Neurology. 1987, vol. 263, no. 3, p. 347-64
Abstract The distribution of vasotocin (VT)-immunoreactive neuronal perikarya and fibers in the canary (Serinus canaria) was investigated with immunohistological techniques. The results suggest that most VT-stained cell bodies are located in three diencephalic regions. First, a large number of densely packed neurons are found in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and the anterior preoptic nucleus. Neurons here vary widely in size and shape. Small-size rounded neurons and large-size multipolar neurons appear to concentrate in separate subdivisions. Second, a series of loosely organized cell groups of medium- to large-size cells occurs in the lateral parts of the hypothalamus. These aggregates of neurons apparently correspond to subdivisions of the supraoptic nucleus (SON). Third, diffusely distributed, lightly stained cells are found dorsal to the paraventricular nucleus in the dorsal diencephalon. A number of cells of this group seem to be located in the basal septal area and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis. Immunoreactive fibers and varicosities concentrate in brain regions that are associated with neuroendocrine, autonomic, and limbic functions. Axons from the PVN and SON form compact bundles of the hypothalamohypophysial tract in the lateral hypothalamus and then funnel into the internal zone of the medium eminence (ME). Furthermore, a heavy innervation seems to be present in the palisadal, external zone of the ME. A substantial number of fibers appear to leave the PVN toward extrahypothalamic areas. Most extrahypothalamic VT fibers innervate telencephalic and brainstem regions that are thought to be involved in mediation of limbic and autonomic functions. These areas include the lateral and medial septum, the lateral habenula, the substantia grisea centralis, the area ventralis (Tsai), the locus coeruleus, raphe nuclei, the nucleus tractus solitarii, and lateral medulla. In addition, fibers with immunoreactivity for VT innervate structures such as the optic tectum and the nucleus ovoidalis that have been implicated in sensory processing of visual and auditory information. Finally, VT fibers and varicosities occur in centers including the nucleus robustus archistriatalis and nucleus intercollicularis that have been implicated in vocal control.
Keywords AnimalsBrain/anatomy & histology/cytology/immunologyCanaries/immunologyCerebellum/anatomy & histology/cytology/immunologyDiencephalon/anatomy & histology/cytology/immunologyMedulla Oblongata/anatomy & histology/cytology/immunologyMesencephalon/anatomy & histology/cytology/immunologyNerve Fibers/immunologyPons/anatomy & histology/cytology/immunologyTelencephalon/anatomy & histology/cytology/immunologyVasotocin/immunology
PMID: 3667983
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Research group Progéniteurs neuronaux (141)
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KISS, Jozsef Zoltan et al. Organization of vasotocin-immunoreactive cells and fibers in the canary brain. In: Journal of Comparative Neurology, 1987, vol. 263, n° 3, p. 347-64. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:74770

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Deposited on : 2015-08-19

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