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Mitochondrial oxidative stress mediates high-phosphate-induced secretory defects and apoptosis in insulin-secreting cells

Authors
Nguyen, Tuyet Thi
Quan, Xianglan
Hwang, Kyu-Hee
Xu, Shanhua
Das, Ranjan
Choi, Seong-Kyung
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Published in American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2015, vol. 308, no. 11, p. E933-41
Abstract Inorganic phosphate (Pi) plays an important role in cell signaling and energy metabolism. In insulin-releasing cells, Pi transport into mitochondria is essential for the generation of ATP, a signaling factor in metabolism-secretion coupling. Elevated Pi concentrations, however, can have toxic effects in various cell types. The underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we have investigated the effect of Pi on secretory function and apoptosis in INS-1E clonal β-cells and rat pancreatic islets. Elevated extracellular Pi (1∼5 mM) increased the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), superoxide generation, caspase activation, and cell death. Depolarization of the ΔΨm abolished Pi-induced superoxide generation. Butylmalonate, a nonselective blocker of mitochondrial phosphate transporters, prevented ΔΨm hyperpolarization, superoxide generation, and cytotoxicity caused by Pi. High Pi also promoted the opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition (PT) pore, leading to apoptosis, which was also prevented by butylmalonate. The mitochondrial antioxidants mitoTEMPO or MnTBAP prevented Pi-triggered PT pore opening and cytotoxicity. Elevated extracellular Pi diminished ATP synthesis, cytosolic Ca(2+) oscillations, and insulin content and secretion in INS-1E cells as well as in dispersed islet cells. These parameters were restored following preincubation with mitochondrial antioxidants. This treatment also prevented high-Pi-induced phosphorylation of ER stress proteins. We propose that elevated extracellular Pi causes mitochondrial oxidative stress linked to mitochondrial hyperpolarization. Such stress results in reduced insulin content and defective insulin secretion and cytotoxicity. Our data explain the decreased insulin content and secretion observed under hyperphosphatemic states.
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PMID: 25852001
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NGUYEN, Tuyet Thi et al. Mitochondrial oxidative stress mediates high-phosphate-induced secretory defects and apoptosis in insulin-secreting cells. In: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2015, vol. 308, n° 11, p. E933-41. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:73847

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Deposited on : 2015-07-02

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