en
Scientific article
English

Neuro-otological manifestations in different stages of HIV infection

Published inActa oto-laryngologica. Supplementum, vol. 111, no. s481, p. 515-521
Publication date1991
Abstract

A systematic investigation of the incidence and type of peripheral and central auditory and vestibular disorders occurring in different stages of HIV infection was performed: 43 HIV-seropositive patients (14 were symptomatic with manifestation of AIDS or related complex and 29 were clinically asymptomatic) were compared with a matched control group of 33 HIV-seronegative homosexual volunteers. Among the symptomatic patients 8 (57%) out of 14 and among the asymptomatic HIV-positive patients, 13 (45%) out of 29 had abnormal results in various audiological, vestibular and electrophysiological tests. Only minor anomalies were found in 4 (12%) of the 33 seronegative homosexuals. Our results indicate a high incidence of neuro-otological disorders among patients suffering from AIDS. The numerous electrophysiological abnormalities found in asymptomatic HIV-seropositive persons suggest furthermore an early subclinical involvement of the auditory and vestibular systems.

Keywords
  • AIDS-Related Complex/complications
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/complications
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Audiometry
  • Electronystagmography
  • Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology
  • Female
  • HIV Infections/ complications/immunology
  • Hearing Disorders/ etiology/physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Vestibular Diseases/ etiology/physiopathology
  • Vestibular Function Tests
Citation (ISO format)
HAUSLER, R. et al. Neuro-otological manifestations in different stages of HIV infection. In: Acta oto-laryngologica. Supplementum, 1991, vol. 111, n° s481, p. 515–521. doi: 10.3109/00016489109131461
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ISSN of the journal0365-5237
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