en
Scientific article
English

Time course of appearance of markers of arrhythmia in patients with tetralogy of Fallot before and after surgery

Published inCardiology in the young, vol. 14, no. 4, p. 360-366
Publication date2004
Abstract

Sudden death and ventricular tachycardia are known to occur late after correction of tetralogy of Fallot. Abnormal dispersion of the QT interval, ventricular late potentials, and prolongation of the QRS complex, alone or in combination, are useful markers of the risk for such complications. Our present prospective study investigates the time course of appearance of two markers, dispersion of QT and JT, and ventricular late potentials, before and after corrective surgery. Dispersion of QT and JT, and signal averaged electrocardiographic parameters, were determined sequentially in 20 patients before, a mean of 9 +/- 3 days after, and again 35 +/- 11 days post-operatively. Dispersion of QT was already abnormal before surgery in two-fifths of the patients, but increased markedly in the later post-operative period. Ventricular late potentials were absent before surgery and in the immediate post-operative period, but were found in one-fifth of patients 1 month later. We conclude that abnormal dispersion of QT is, to some extent, a fact of the natural history of tetralogy of Fallot, but is significantly amplified by surgery. Ventricular late potentials, on the other hand, are absent before surgery, but appear with some delay after the operation, probably as a result of scarring rather than the surgical incision itself. Long-term follow-up is needed to assess the significance of these findings.

Keywords
  • Adolescent
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects/methods
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac/etiology
  • Electrocardiography
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Conduction System/physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Postoperative Period
  • Preoperative Care/methods
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Tachycardia, Ventricular/diagnosis/etiology/mortality
  • Tetralogy of Fallot/complications/diagnosis/surgery
  • Time Factors
Citation (ISO format)
AL BALKHIE, Rim, BEGHETTI, Maurice, FRIEDLI, Beat. Time course of appearance of markers of arrhythmia in patients with tetralogy of Fallot before and after surgery. In: Cardiology in the young, 2004, vol. 14, n° 4, p. 360–366. doi: 10.1017/S1047951104004020
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Article (Published version)
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1047-9511
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