en
Scientific article
Review
English

The role of anaerobes in diabetic foot infections

Published inAnaerobe, vol. 34, p. 8-13
Publication date2015
Abstract

Diabetic foot infections (DFI) are a common cause of morbidity and, on occasion, even mortality. Infection can be either mono- or polymicrobial, with a wide variety of potential pathogens. Anaerobes may be involved, particularly in wounds that are deeper or more chronic, and are more frequently identified when using modern molecular techniques, such as 16s PCR and pyrosequencing. It remains unclear whether the presence of anaerobes in DFI leads to more severe manifestations, or if these organisms are largely colonizers associated with the presence of greater degrees of tissue ischemia and necrosis. Commonly used empiric antibiotic therapy for diabetic foot infections is generally broad-spectrum and usually has activity against the most frequently identified anaerobes, such as Peptostreptococcus and Bacteroides species. Adequate surgical debridement and, when needed, foot revascularization may be at least as important as the choice of antibiotic to achieve a successful treatment outcome.

Citation (ISO format)
CHARLES, Patrick et al. The role of anaerobes in diabetic foot infections. In: Anaerobe, 2015, vol. 34, p. 8–13. doi: 10.1016/j.anaerobe.2015.03.009
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ISSN of the journal1075-9964
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