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Semisynthetic analogues of PSC-RANTES, a potent anti-HIV protein

Published in Bioconjugate Chemistry. 2008, vol. 19, no. 2, p. 480-9
Abstract New HIV prevention methods are needed, and among those currently being explored are "microbicides", substances applied topically to prevent HIV acquisition during sexual intercourse. The chemokine analogue PSC-RANTES (N(alpha)(n-nonanoyl)-des-Ser(1)-[ L-thioprolyl(2), L-cyclohexylglycyl(3)]-RANTES(4-68)) is a highly potent HIV entry inhibitor which has shown promising efficacy in its initial evaluation as a candidate microbicide. However, a way must be found to produce the molecule by cheaper means than total chemical synthesis. Since the only noncoded structures are located at the N-terminus, a possible solution would be to produce a protein fragment representing all but the N-terminal region using low-cost recombinant production methods and then to attach, site specifically, a short synthetic fragment containing the noncoded N-terminal structures. Here, we describe the evaluation of a range of different conjugation chemistries in order to identify those with potential for development as economical routes to production of a PSC-RANTES analogue with antiviral activity as close as possible to that of the parent protein. The strategies tested involved linkage through oxime, hydrazone/hydrazide, and Psi[CH2-NH] bonds, as well as through a peptide bond obtained either by a thiazolidine rearrangement or by direct alpha-amino acylation of a protein fragment in which 4 of the 5 lysine residues of the native sequence were replaced by arginine (the fifth lysine is essential for activity). Where conjugation involved replacement of one or more residues with a linker moiety, the point in the main chain at which the linker was introduced was varied. The resulting panel of 22 PSC-RANTES analogues was evaluated for anti-HIV activity in an entry inhibition assay. The [Arg (25,45,56,57)] PSC-RANTES analogue has comparable potency to PSC-RANTES, and one of the oxime linked analogues, 4L-57, has potency only 5-fold lower, with scope for improvement. Both represent promising leads for development as microbicide compounds that could be produced at low cost via semisynthesis.
Keywords Chemokine CCL5/chemistry/pharmacologyChromatography High Pressure LiquidHIV Fusion Inhibitors/pharmacologyHela CellsHumansSpectrometry Mass Electrospray Ionization
PMID: 18179159
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Other version: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/bc7003044
Research group HIV (835)
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GAERTNER, Hubert Francois et al. Semisynthetic analogues of PSC-RANTES, a potent anti-HIV protein. In: Bioconjugate Chemistry, 2008, vol. 19, n° 2, p. 480-9. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:670

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Deposited on : 2009-02-04

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