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Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: a series of eight singular neurectomies

Pournaras, Irene
Published in Acta oto-laryngologica. 2008, vol. 128, no. 1, p. 5-8
Abstract CONCLUSION: The singular neurectomy as described by Gacek in 1974 is an efficient procedure to control symptoms in case of intractable benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), with an acceptable risk of postoperative sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). We postulate that this complication may not be a direct consequence of the surgical procedure but rather may be consecutive to the reactivation of the biological phenomenon that caused the BPPV. We also observed in one patient that BPPV may exist although no nystagmus can be elicited by provocative manoeuvres. OBJECTIVE: To report our experience of the surgery, and to analyse the rate and causes of complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The eight patients operated in the department between August 1997 and April 2006 were evaluated in June 2006. One had been operated because he had a typical history of BPPV, but no nystagmus could be elicited by the Hallpike's manoeuvre. RESULTS: All patients were free of vertigo and considered their quality of life improved. The Hallpike's manoeuvre was negative in all cases. A SNHL occurred in two patients, immediately after surgery in one and several months later in the second. The patient with a negative Hallpike's manoeuvre before surgery went back to work 3 weeks after surgery.
Keywords AdultFemaleFollow-Up StudiesHead Injuries : Closed/complicationsHearing Loss : Sensorineural/etiologyHumansMaleMeniere Disease/diagnosis/etiology/surgeryMicrosurgeryMiddle AgedOtoscopyPostoperative Complications/etiologyQuality of LifeReoperationRisk FactorsSemicircular Ducts/innervationSensory Receptor Cells/surgeryVertigo/diagnosis/etiology/surgeryVestibular Function TestsVestibular Neuronitis/diagnosis/etiology/surgery
PMID: 17851926
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Research group Implant, fonction et affections vestibulaires (268)
(ISO format)
POURNARAS, Irene, KOS, Maria Izabel, GUYOT, Jean-Philippe. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: a series of eight singular neurectomies. In: Acta oto-laryngologica, 2008, vol. 128, n° 1, p. 5-8. doi: 10.1080/00016480701275279 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:658

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Deposited on : 2009-01-28

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