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STIM1 knockdown reveals that store-operated Ca2+ channels located close to sarco/endoplasmic Ca2+ ATPases (SERCA) pumps silently refill the endoplasmic reticulum

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Published in Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2007, vol. 282, no. 15, p. 11456-64
Abstract Stromal interaction molecule (STIM) proteins are putative ER Ca2+ sensors that recruit and activate store-operated Ca2+ (SOC) channels at the plasma membrane, a process triggered by the Ca2+ depletion of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). To test whether STIM1 is required for ER refilling, we used RNA interference and measured Ca2+ signals in the cytosol, the ER, and the mitochondria of HeLa cells. Knockdown of STIM1 (mRNA levels, 73%) reduced SOC entry by 73% when sarco/endoplasmic Ca2+ ATPases (SERCA) were inhibited by thapsigargin but did not prevent Ca2+ stores refilling when cells were stimulated by physiological agonists. Stores could be fully refilled by increasing the external Ca2+ concentration above physiological values, but no cytosolic Ca2+ signals were detected during store refilling even at very high Ca2+ concentrations. [Ca2+](ER) measurements revealed that the basal activity of SERCA was not affected in STIM1 knockdown cells and that [Ca2+](ER) levels were restored within 2 min in physiological saline following store depletion. Mitochondrial inhibitors reduced ER refilling in wild-type but not in STIM1 knockdown cells, indicating that ER refilling does not require functional mitochondria at low STIM1 levels. Our data show that ER refilling is largely preserved at reduced STIM1 levels, despite a drastic reduction of store-operated Ca2+ entry, because Ca2+ ions are directly transferred from SOC channels to SERCA. These findings are consistent with the formation of microdomains containing not only SOC channels on the plasma membrane and STIM proteins on the ER but also SERCA pumps and mitochondria to refill the ER without perturbing the cytosol.
Keywords Endoplasmic ReticulumHela CellsHomeostasisHumansMembrane ProteinsMitochondriaNeoplasm ProteinsRNASmall InterferingSarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases
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PMID: 17283081
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JOUSSET, Hélène, FRIEDEN, Maud, DEMAUREX, Nicolas. STIM1 knockdown reveals that store-operated Ca2+ channels located close to sarco/endoplasmic Ca2+ ATPases (SERCA) pumps silently refill the endoplasmic reticulum. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2007, vol. 282, n° 15, p. 11456-64. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:608

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Deposited on : 2008-11-27

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