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Title

A poly(ortho ester) designed for combined ocular delivery of dexamethasone sodium phosphate and 5-fluorouracil: subconjunctival tolerance and in vitro release

Authors
Zignani, M.
Einmahl, S.
Baeyens, V.
Anderson, J.
Heller, J.
Tabatabay, C.
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Published in European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics. 2000, vol. 50, no. 2, p. 251-5
Abstract A viscous hydrophobic poly(ortho ester) (POE) has been developed as a biocompatible, biodegradable sustained release system for selected cases of glaucoma filtering surgery. Dexamethasone and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) are frequently administered together post-operatively, for their anti-fibroblastic and anti-inflammatory properties, respectively. A combined sustained release of both drugs could be advantageously used. Drug release kinetics were studied using specially designed thermostated cells. Subconjunctival tolerance was evaluated on New Zealand albino rabbits by clinical evaluation. Due to its basicity, the addition of dexamethasone sodium phosphate (DEX-P) stabilized the polymer and prolonged 5-FU in vitro release from 2 to 4 days. Both therapeutic agents were released concomitantly, according to a linear profile. The presence of 5-FU only slightly affected the overall subconjunctival tolerance of POE in rabbits, whereas the addition of DEX-P markedly improved POE tolerance by reducing the hyperemia of the conjunctiva to a minimal grade.
Keywords AnimalsBiocompatible Materials/administration & dosageConjunctiva/metabolismDelayed-Action PreparationsDexamethasone/administration & dosage/analogs & derivatives/chemistry/pharmacokineticsDrug CarriersEye/metabolismFluorouracil/administration & dosage/chemistry/pharmacokineticsHydrogen-Ion ConcentrationPolymers/administration & dosage/pharmacokineticsRabbitsSolubility
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PMID: 10962235
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ZIGNANI, M. et al. A poly(ortho ester) designed for combined ocular delivery of dexamethasone sodium phosphate and 5-fluorouracil: subconjunctival tolerance and in vitro release. In: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, 2000, vol. 50, n° 2, p. 251-5. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:5068

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Deposited on : 2010-01-28

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