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Functional Dissociations Within Posterior Parietal Cortex During Scene Integration and Viewpoint Changes

Published in Cerebral Cortex. 2014, vol. n/a
Abstract The posterior parietal cortex (PPC) is an anatomically heterogeneous brain region implicated in a wide range of cognitive operations, including egocentric spatial processing and both short- and long-term memory. Here, we report functional specificities of cytoarchitectonically defined subregions of PPC during the processing of scenes across changes in viewpoint. Participants (n = 16) saw photographs of familiar and unfamiliar places while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). On each trial, 4 viewpoints of the same place were presented, with either a plausible sequence of viewpoints (SEQ) or a scrambled order (SCRA). Distinct response profiles were observed within PPC. Area 7A showed increased activity for SEQ versus SCRA order, regardless of place familiarity, whereas the rostral inferior parietal lobule showed preferential increases for unfamiliar versus familiar places in SEQ series. In contrast, more posterior subregions in both superior and inferior PPC exhibited increases for familiar versus unfamiliar places at the end of the sequence, regardless of order. The data highlight the distinctive contribution of several subregions of PPC during the processing of scenes, with specific cortical areas involved in the progressive integration of spatial information across viewpoint changes, and others involved in the retrieval and maintenance of scene information in memory.
PMID: 25246508
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Research groups Mécanismes cérébraux du comportement et des fonctions cognitives (701)
Neuropsychologie et neurologie comportementale (951)
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VAN ASSCHE, Mitsouko et al. Functional Dissociations Within Posterior Parietal Cortex During Scene Integration and Viewpoint Changes. In: Cerebral Cortex, 2014, vol. n/a. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:46781

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Deposited on : 2015-02-18

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