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The zinc finger-containing transcription factor Gata-4 is expressed in the developing endocrine pancreas and activates glucagon gene expression

Ritz-Laser, Beate
Published in Molecular endocrinology. 2005, vol. 19, no. 3, p. 759-70
Abstract Gene inactivation studies have shown that members of the Gata family of transcription factors are critical for endoderm development throughout evolution. We show here that Gata-4 and/or Gata-6 are not only expressed in the adult exocrine pancreas but also in glucagonoma and insulinoma cell lines, whereas Gata-5 is restricted to the exocrine pancreas. During pancreas development, Gata-4 is expressed already at embryonic d 10.5 and colocalizes with early glucagon+ cells at embryonic d 12.5. Gata-4 was able to transactivate the glucagon gene both in heterologous BHK-21 (nonislet Syrian baby hamster kidney) and in glucagon-producing InR1G9 cells. Using gel-mobility shift assays, we identified a complex formed with nuclear extracts from InR1G9 cells on the G5 control element (-140 to -169) of the glucagon gene promoter as Gata-4. Mutation of the GATA binding site on G5 abrogated the transcriptional activation mediated by Gata-4 and reduced basal glucagon gene promoter activity in glucagon-producing cells by 55%. Furthermore, Gata-4 acted more than additively with Forkhead box A (hepatic nuclear factor-3) to trans-activate the glucagon gene promoter. We conclude that, besides its role in endoderm differentiation, Gata-4 might be implicated in the regulation of glucagon gene expression in the fetal pancreas and that Gata activity itself may be modulated by interactions with different cofactors.
Keywords AnimalsBase SequenceBinding SitesCell DifferentiationCell LineCell Nucleus/metabolismChloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase/metabolismCricetinaeDNA-Binding Proteins/chemistry/metabolismDose-Response Relationship, DrugGATA4 Transcription FactorGATA6 Transcription FactorGene Expression RegulationGlucagon/metabolismHumansIslets of Langerhans/metabolismMiceMicroscopy, FluorescenceMolecular Sequence DataMutationPancreas/embryologyPromoter Regions, GeneticProtein BindingReverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain ReactionTime FactorsTissue DistributionTranscription Factors/chemistry/metabolismTranscriptional ActivationTransfectionZinc Fingers
PMID: 15539431
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Research groups Diabète et métabolisme (178)
Diabète et régulation des gènes (36)
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RITZ-LASER, Beate et al. The zinc finger-containing transcription factor Gata-4 is expressed in the developing endocrine pancreas and activates glucagon gene expression. In: Molecular endocrinology, 2005, vol. 19, n° 3, p. 759-70. doi: 10.1210/me.2004-0051 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:46630

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Deposited on : 2015-02-12

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