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Genomics of signaling crosstalk of estrogen receptor alpha in breast cancer cells

Dudek, Peter
Published in PloS one. 2008, vol. 3, no. 3, e1859
Abstract BACKGROUND: The estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) is a ligand-regulated transcription factor. However, a wide variety of other extracellular signals can activate ERalpha in the absence of estrogen. The impact of these alternate modes of activation on gene expression profiles has not been characterized. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We show that estrogen, growth factors and cAMP elicit surprisingly distinct ERalpha-dependent transcriptional responses in human MCF7 breast cancer cells. In response to growth factors and cAMP, ERalpha primarily activates and represses genes, respectively. The combined treatments with the anti-estrogen tamoxifen and cAMP or growth factors regulate yet other sets of genes. In many cases, tamoxifen is perverted to an agonist, potentially mimicking what is happening in certain tamoxifen-resistant breast tumors and emphasizing the importance of the cellular signaling environment. Using a computational analysis, we predicted that a Hox protein might be involved in mediating such combinatorial effects, and then confirmed it experimentally. Although both tamoxifen and cAMP block the proliferation of MCF7 cells, their combined application stimulates it, and this can be blocked with a dominant-negative Hox mutant. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The activating signal dictates both target gene selection and regulation by ERalpha, and this has consequences on global gene expression patterns that may be relevant to understanding the progression of ERalpha-dependent carcinomas.
Keywords Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy/genetics/metabolismCell Line, TumorCyclic AMP/physiologyEstrogen Receptor alpha/genetics/metabolismEstrogens/physiologyGenomicsHumansOligonucleotide Array Sequence AnalysisReceptor Cross-TalkSignal TransductionTamoxifen/pharmacology/therapeutic useTranscription, Genetic/physiology
PMID: 18365014
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DUDEK, Peter, PICARD, Didier. Genomics of signaling crosstalk of estrogen receptor alpha in breast cancer cells. In: PLOS ONE, 2008, vol. 3, n° 3, p. e1859. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0001859 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:4475

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Deposited on : 2009-12-01

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