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Ag-Presenting CpG-Activated pDCs Prime Th17 Cells That Induce Tumor Regression

Malinge, Pauline
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Published in Cancer Research. 2014, vol. 74, no. 22, p. 6430-40
Abstract Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) rapidly and massively produce type I IFN and other inflammatory cytokines in response to foreign nucleic acids, thereby indirectly influencing T-cell responses. Moreover, antigen (Ag)-presenting pDCs directly regulate T-cell differentiation. Depending on the immune environment, pDCs exhibit either tolerogenic or immunogenic properties. Here, we show that CpG-activated pDCs promote efficient Th17 differentiation. Indeed, Th17 responses are defective in mice selectively lacking MHCII on pDCs upon antigenic challenge. Importantly, in those mice, the frequency of Th17 cells infiltrating solid tumors is impaired. As a result, the recruitment of infiltrating leukocytes in tumors, including tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL), is altered and results in increased tumor growth. Importantly, following immunization with tumor Ag and CpG-B, MHCII-restricted Ag presentation by pDCs promotes the differentiation of antitumor Th17 cells that induce intratumor CTL recruitment and subsequent regression of established tumors. Our results highlight a new role for Ag presenting activated pDCs in promoting the development of Th17 cells and impacting on antitumor immunity. Cancer Res; 74(22); 6430-40. ©2014 AACR.
PMID: 25252912
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Research groups Groupe Reith Walter (pathologie et immunologie) (282)
Pathologie et immunologie (906)
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GUERY, Leslie et al. Ag-Presenting CpG-Activated pDCs Prime Th17 Cells That Induce Tumor Regression. In: Cancer Research, 2014, vol. 74, n° 22, p. 6430-40. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-14-1149 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:44165

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Deposited on : 2014-12-23

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