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Manufactured Nanoparticle Behavior and Transformations in Aquatic Systems. Importance of Natural Organic Matter

Omar, Fatehah Mohd
Published in Chimia. 2014, vol. 68, no. 11, p. 783-787
Abstract Major concerns to elucidate the fate of nanomaterials and manufactured nanoparticles in aquatic systems are related to the lack of data on nanoparticle transformations under relevant environmental conditions. The present article discusses some of the important physicochemical processes controlling the behavior of manufactured nanoparticles in aqueous solutions by focusing on their interaction with natural organic matter which is expected to play a crucial role when adsorbing at the nanoparticle surfaces. The precise knowledge and consequences of such adsorption processes are important not only to predict the nanoparticle stability and dispersion but also to evaluate their chemical reactivity and ecotoxicology. Most importantly, findings indicate that the presence of natural organic matter, at typical environmental concentrations, can induce significant disagglomeration of large nanoparticle agglomerates into small fragments. Such a result constitutes an important outcome with regards to the risk associated to the possible transformation and redispersion of large assemblies containing manufactured nanoparticles.
Keywords AggregationAquatic systemsDisagglomerationNanoparticle coatingNatural organic matter
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Article (Published version) (434 Kb) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
Research groups Environmental Physical Chemistry
ISE Pôle Sciences
Swiss National Science Foundation: 200021_135240
European Commission: NanoMILE
(ISO format)
LOOSLI, Frédéric et al. Manufactured Nanoparticle Behavior and Transformations in Aquatic Systems. Importance of Natural Organic Matter. In: Chimia, 2014, vol. 68, n° 11, p. 783-787. doi: 10.2533/chimia.2014.783 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:44100

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Deposited on : 2014-12-22

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