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Interaction of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids with radiation therapy in two different colorectal cancer cell lines

Published inClinical nutrition, vol. 33, no. 1, p. 164-170
Publication date2014
Abstract

Background & aims: This study aims at evaluating if docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) increases the efficacy of radiation therapy (RT) on two human colorectal cancer cell lines with different radio-sensitivity. Methods: LS174T and HT-29 cells were treated with 20 or 50 mmol/L EPA or DHA followed by single X-ray RT of 0, 2 or 4 Gy, to evaluate cell survival, apoptosis, peroxide and malondialdehyde productions. Inflammation- and apoptosis-related proteins were analyzed by Western Blot. ANOVAs were used for statistical analysis. Results: LS174T was more sensitive to RT than HT-29. DHA and to a lesser extent EPA increased cell death, apoptosis and peroxide production after RT in LS174T and to a lesser extent in HT-29 (p < 0.05). This was associated with increased expression of heat shock protein 70, decreased expression of NF-kB p65, COX-2 and Bcl-2 proteins. Conclusions: The effect of RT combination with DHA and to a lesser extent EPA was synergistic in the radio-sensitive LS174T cells, but additive in the radio-resistant HT-29 cells. This enhanced cytotoxicity was provoked at least partly by lipid peroxidation, which consequently modulated inflammatory response and induced apoptosis.

Citation (ISO format)
CAI, Fang et al. Interaction of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids with radiation therapy in two different colorectal cancer cell lines. In: Clinical nutrition, 2014, vol. 33, n° 1, p. 164–170. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2013.04.005
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