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Scientific article
Open access
English

A source of polarization-entangled photon pairs interfacing quantum memories with telecom photons

Published inNew journal of physics, vol. 16, no. 093058
Publication date2014
Abstract

We present a source of polarization-entangled photon pairs suitable for the implementation of long-distance quantum communication protocols using quantum memories. Photon pairs with wavelengths 883 nm and 1338 nm are produced by coherently pumping two periodically poled nonlinear waveguides embedded in the arms of a polarization interferometer. Subsequent spectral filtering reduces the bandwidth of the photons to 240 MHz. The bandwidth is well-matched to a quantum memory based on an Nd:YSO crystal, to which, in addition, the center frequency of the 883 nm photons is actively stabilized. A theoretical model that includes the effect of the filtering is presented and accurately fits the measured correlation functions of the generated photons. The model can also be used as a way to properly assess the properties of the source. The quality of the entanglement is revealed by a visibility of V=96.1(9)% in a Bell-type experiment and through the violation of a Bell inequality.

Keywords
  • Parametric downconversion
  • Entanglement
  • Quantum communication
  • Quantum memory
  • Nonlinear waveguide
Citation (ISO format)
CLAUSEN, C. et al. A source of polarization-entangled photon pairs interfacing quantum memories with telecom photons. In: New journal of physics, 2014, vol. 16, n° 093058. doi: 10.1088/1367-2630/16/9/093058
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Article (Published version)
accessLevelPublic
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1367-2630
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