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Scientific article
Open access
English

Somatostatin inhibition of pancreatic glucagon release from monolayer cultures and interactions with calcium

Published inEndocrinology, vol. 101, no. 3, p. 911-919
Publication date1977
Abstract

The effects of somatostatin (SRIF) on glucagon release have been studied in the monolayer culture of newborn rat pancreas. It was found that SRIF inhibited glucagon release rapidly and in a dose dependent manner at concentrations of 1-1000 ng/ml. SRIF inhibited glucagon release under basal conditions and after stimulation by arginine, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), high Ca++ concentrations, ionophore A23187 and Ca++, and Ba++. SRIF inhibited ionophore-induced glucagon release over 60 min when a low concentration of A23187 was used (0.1 microgram/ml) but not when a high concentraion (10 microgram/ml) was used. The stimulant effect of 10 microgram/ml A23187 was, however, inhibited by SRIF during short periods of incubation. The per cent inhibition of arginine-stimulated glucagon release due to SRIF remained unchanged when the Ca++ concentration in the medium was varied from 1-10 mM. It is concluded that SRIF promptly inhibits glucagon release under basal conditions or when stimulated by a variety of agents. Thus, the action of SRIF appears to be basic to the granule release process and not specifically antagonisitc to any particular stimulants. Further, as SRIF inhibits release due to raised cytosol Ca++ (e.g., ionophore-Ca++ or high Ca++ experiments) the action is probably at a late point in the release mechanism.

Keywords
  • Animals
  • Arginine/pharmacology
  • Barium/pharmacology
  • Calcimycin/pharmacology
  • Calcium/pharmacology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Glucagon/secretion
  • Glucose/pharmacology
  • Pancreas/metabolism
  • Rats
  • Somatostatin/pharmacology
  • Xanthines/pharmacology
Citation (ISO format)
WOLLHEIM, Claes et al. Somatostatin inhibition of pancreatic glucagon release from monolayer cultures and interactions with calcium. In: Endocrinology, 1977, vol. 101, n° 3, p. 911–919. doi: 10.1210/endo-101-3-911
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Article (Published version)
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0013-7227
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240downloads

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