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Title

Estrogen receptor alpha is a major contributor to estrogen-mediated fetal testis dysgenesis and cryptorchidism

Authors
Chambon, Pierre
Published in Endocrinology. 2007, vol. 148, no. 11, p. 5507-19
Abstract Failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum (cryptorchidism) is one of the most common birth defects in humans. In utero exposure to estrogens, such as 17beta-estradiol (E2) or the synthetic estrogen diethylstilbestrol (DES), down-regulates insulin-like 3 (Insl3) expression in embryonic Leydig cells, which in turn results in cryptorchidism in mice. To identify the molecular mechanism whereby xenoestrogens block Insl3 gene transcription, we performed a microarray analysis of wild-type or estrogen receptor (ER) alpha-mutant testes exposed in utero to pharmacological doses of E2 or DES. Six and 31 genes were respectively down-regulated and up-regulated by estrogen exposure (> or =4-fold). All six genes down-regulated by estrogen exposure, including Insl3 and the steroidogenic genes steroidogenic acute regulatory protein and cytochrome P450 17alpha-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase, were done so by an ERalpha-dependent mechanism. In contrast, up-regulation was mediated either by ERalpha for 12 genes or by an independent mechanism for the 19 remaining genes. Finally, we show that Insl3 gene expression and testicular descent were not affected by in utero exposure to E2 or DES in ERalpha mutant mice, whereas absence of ERbeta did not influence the effect of these estrogens. Collectively, these data demonstrate that xenoestrogens inhibit the endocrine functions of fetal Leydig cells through an ERalpha-dependent mechanism.
Keywords AnimalsCryptorchidism/chemically induced/embryology/geneticsDiethylstilbestrol/toxicityEstrogen Receptor alpha/genetics/physiologyEstrogens/toxicityFemaleFetus/drug effects/metabolismGene Expression ProfilingGene Expression Regulation, Developmental/drug effectsGenetic Predisposition to DiseaseGonadal Dysgenesis/chemically induced/embryology/geneticsMaleMiceMice, Inbred C57BLMice, TransgenicModels, BiologicalOligonucleotide Array Sequence AnalysisPregnancyPrenatal Exposure Delayed Effects/geneticsTestis/drug effects/embryology/metabolism
Identifiers
PMID: 17673513
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Other version: http://endo.endojournals.org/cgi/content/full/148/11/5507
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CEDERROTH, Christopher et al. Estrogen receptor alpha is a major contributor to estrogen-mediated fetal testis dysgenesis and cryptorchidism. In: Endocrinology, 2007, vol. 148, n° 11, p. 5507-19. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:3910

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Deposited on : 2009-10-23

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