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Reading with a Simulated 60-Channel Implant

Published in Frontiers in Neuroscience. 2011, vol. 5, no. 57
Abstract First generation retinal prostheses containing 50–60 electrodes are currently in clinical trials. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the theoretical upper limit (best possible) reading performance attainable with a state-of-the-art 60-channel retinal implant and to find the optimum viewing conditions for the task. Four normal volunteers performed full-page text reading tasks with a low-resolution, 60-pixel viewing window that was stabilized in the central visual field. Two parameters were systematically varied: (1) spatial resolution (image magnification) and (2) the orientation of the rectangular viewing window. Performance was measured in terms of reading accuracy (% of correctly read words) and reading rates (words/min). Maximum reading performances were reached at spatial resolutions between 3.6 and 6 pixels/char. Performance declined outside this range for all subjects. In optimum viewing conditions (4.5 pixels/char), subjects achieved almost perfect reading accuracy and mean reading rates of 26 words/min for the vertical viewing window and of 34 words/min for the horizontal viewing window. These results suggest that, theoretically, some reading abilities can be restored with actual state-of-the-art retinal implant prototypes if “image magnification” is within an “optimum range.” Future retinal implants providing higher pixel resolutions, thus allowing for a wider visual span might allow faster reading rates.
PMID: 21625622
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Research group Neuroprothèses sensorielles pour la restitution de l'audition et l'équilibre (268)
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PEREZ FORNOS, Angelica, SOMMERHALDER, Jorg, PELIZZONE, Marco. Reading with a Simulated 60-Channel Implant. In: Frontiers in Neuroscience, 2011, vol. 5, n° 57. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2011.00057 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:37962

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Deposited on : 2014-06-19

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