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Reviewing innovative Earth Observation solutions for filling science-policy gaps in hydrology

Nativi, Stefano
Craglia, Massimo
Cripe, Douglas
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Published in Journal of Hydrology. 2014, vol. 518, p. 267-277
Abstract Improved data sharing is needed for hydrological modeling and water management that require better integration of data, information and models. Technological advances in Earth observation and Web technologies have allowed the development of Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs) for improved data sharing at various scales. International initiatives catalyze data sharing by promoting interoperability standards to maximize the use of data and by supporting easy access to and utilization of geospatial data. A series of recent European projects are contributing to the promotion of innovative Earth observation solutions and the uptake of scientific outcomes in policy. Several success stories involving different hydrologists' communities can be reported around the World. Gaps still exist in hydrological, agricultural, meteorological and climatological data access because of various issues. While many sources of data exists at all scales it remains difficult and time-consuming to assemble hydrological information for most projects. Furthermore, data and sharing formats remain very heterogeneous. Improvements require implementing/endorsing some commonly agreed standards and documenting data with adequate metadata. The brokering approach allows binding heterogeneous resources published by different data providers and adapting them to tools and interfaces commonly used by consumers of these resources.
Keywords Hydrological modelingClimate changeData sharingInteroperabilityData processingDecision making
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Research groups Envirospace Lab
Global Resource Information Database (GRID)
ISE Climat
ISE Pôle Informatique environnementale
ISE Pôle Sciences
FP7: enviroGRIDS
(ISO format)
LEHMANN, Anthony et al. Reviewing innovative Earth Observation solutions for filling science-policy gaps in hydrology. In: Journal of Hydrology, 2014, vol. 518, p. 267-277. doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.05.059 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:37231

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Deposited on : 2014-06-10

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