en
Scientific article
Open access
English

Islet autotransplantation after left pancreatectomy for non-enucleable insulinoma

Published inAmerican journal of transplantation, vol. 3, no. 10, p. 1302-1307
Publication date2003
Abstract

Insulinoma is a rare, almost always benign endocrine tumor of the pancreas, clinically characterized by hyperinsulinemic, hypoglycemic episodes. Surgical excision is the therapy of choice, which may lead to postpancreatectomy diabetes mellitus in the case of extensive pancreatic resection. We present the cases and the metabolic follow up of two patients, 81 and 73 years old, with insulinoma localized close to the main duct in the pancreatic neck. Both patients underwent an 80% left pancreatectomy, avoiding a pancreatico-enteric anastomosis. In order to prevent postpancreatectomy diabetes, the islets from the tumor-free part of the resected pancreas were isolated and injected via a right colic vein into the portal system. After a follow up of 6 and 3 years respectively, both patients remained insulin-independent without any dietary restrictions. Fasting and glucagon-stimulated C-peptide-levels and glycosylated hemoglobin remained within normal range. There were no signs of recurrent insulinoma. Liver biopsy performed in one patient at 1 year after autotransplantation, showed intact, insulin-producing islets within the portal spaces. In conclusion, autologous islet transplantation can preserve the insulin secretory reserve after extended left pancreatectomy for the treatment of benign tumors in the pancreatic neck.

Keywords
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Biopsy
  • C-Peptide/blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus/etiology/therapy
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glucose Tolerance Test
  • Glycosylation
  • Hemoglobins/biosynthesis
  • Humans
  • Insulinoma/surgery/therapy
  • Islets of Langerhans Transplantation/methods
  • Liver/pathology
  • Male
  • Pancreatectomy/adverse effects/methods
  • Time Factors
  • Transplantation, Autologous
Citation (ISO format)
OBERHOLZER, José et al. Islet autotransplantation after left pancreatectomy for non-enucleable insulinoma. In: American journal of transplantation, 2003, vol. 3, n° 10, p. 1302–1307. doi: 10.1046/j.1600-6143.2003.00218.x
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Article (Published version)
accessLevelPublic
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1600-6135
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496downloads

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