Scientific article
Open access

Quantum repeaters based on heralded qubit amplifiers

Publication date2012

We present a quantum repeater scheme based on the recently proposed qubit amplifier [N. Gisin, S. Pironio, and N. Sangouard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 070501 (2010)]. It relies on an on-demand entangled-photon-pair source which uses on-demand single-photon sources, linear optical elements, and atomic ensembles. Interestingly, the imperfections affecting the states created from this source, caused, for example, by detectors with nonunit efficiencies, are systematically purified from an entanglement swapping operation based on a two-photon detection. This allows the distribution of entanglement over very long distances with a high fidelity, that is, without vacuum components and multiphoton errors. Therefore, the resulting quantum repeater architecture does not necessitate final postselections and thus achieves high entanglement distribution rates. This also provides unique opportunities for device-independent quantum key distribution over long distances with linear optics and atomic ensembles.

Citation (ISO format)
MINAR, Jiri, DE RIEDMATTEN, Hugues, SANGOUARD, Nicolas Bruno. Quantum repeaters based on heralded qubit amplifiers. In: Physical review, A, Atomic, molecular, and optical physics, 2012, vol. 85, n° 3. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevA.85.032313
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1050-2947

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