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Mercury human exposure through fish consumption in a reservoir contaminated by a chlor-alkali plant: Babeni reservoir (Romania)

Bouchet, Sylvain
Richard, Alexandre
Rubin, Jean Francois
Ungureanu, Viorel-Gheorge
Amouroux, David
Published in Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2010, vol. 17, no. 8, p. 1422-1432
Collection Open Access - Licence nationale Springer
Abstract Purpose Chlor-alkali plants are one of the most important point sources of mercury to aquatic environment. The problem of Hg contamination has been studied in a region, Rm Valcea (Romania), impacted by the wastewater discharge of a chlor-alkali plant. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the current status of mercury pollution in the Babeni reservoir (Olt River) and the exposure of local population via fish consumption to mercury originating from the chlor-alkali plant. Methods Sediments were collected from Valcea, Govora and Babeni reservoirs. Grain size distribution, organic content and total mercury (THg) concentrations were analysed in sediments. Fish were purchased from local anglers, and the scalp hair was collected from volunteers. THg in sediment, fish and hair samples was determined using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer for Hg determination. Monomethylmercury (MMHg) was analysed in the muscle and liver tissues by species-specific isotope dilution and capillary gas chromatography hyphenated to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer. Results High mercury concentrations were found in the sediments and in fish from Babeni reservoir, with a median of 2.1 mg/kg (IQR=3.2) in sediments and a mean value of 1.8±0.8 mg/kg_ww in fish muscle. MMHg concentrations in fish were well above the WHO guidelines for fish consumption. Local population consuming fish from the Babeni reservoir had THg concentrations in hair significantly higher than those consuming fish from upstream reservoirs and/or from the shops and reached a median value of 2.5 mg/kg (IQR=3.6). Conclusions The remnant pollution in the fish of this reservoir, and probably many other lakes and reservoirs receiving Hg polluted wastewater, represents a considerable health risk for the local fish consumers.
Keywords Mercury, Human exposure, Fish consumption, Chlor-alkali plant
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Research groups ISE Eau
ISE Pôle Sciences
Limnology and Environmental Geology
(ISO format)
GARCIA BRAVO, Andrea et al. Mercury human exposure through fish consumption in a reservoir contaminated by a chlor-alkali plant: Babeni reservoir (Romania). In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2010, vol. 17, n° 8, p. 1422-1432. doi: 10.1007/s11356-010-0328-9 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:36154

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Deposited on : 2014-04-29

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