Article (Published version) (302 Kb) - Limited access to UNIGE
Other version: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2211368114000059
Is working memory necessary for implementation intentions to enhance prospective memory in older adults with cognitive problems?
|Published in||Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. 2014, vol. 3, no. 1, p. 37-43|
|Abstract||tImplementation intentions are an effective strategy for improving prospective memory in older adults.However, their efficacy has never been assessed in older individuals with cognitive problems (i.e., indi-viduals with subjective memory complaints or objective memory impairments). Furthermore, althoughmost authors consider implementation intentions to depend on automatic processes, some studies haveshown the necessity of residual preserved controlled processes for implementation intentions to beefficient. We examined the efficacy of implementation intentions in prospective memory in 45 olderparticipants consulting a memory clinic. Half of the participants were instructed to form an implemen-tation intention, the other half receiving standard instructions. Analyses showed that working memorymoderated the efficacy of implementation intentions, which were efficient only in individuals with bet-ter working memory. These results corroborate the claim that a minimal level of cognitive resources isrequired for the technique, although implementation intentions might depend principally on automaticprocesses.|
|Keywords||Aging — Implementation intentions — Prospective memory — Working memory — Cognitive impairmenta|
|Research group||Unité de psychopathologie et neuropsychologie cognitive (UPNC)|
|BURKARD, Christina et al. Is working memory necessary for implementation intentions to enhance prospective memory in older adults with cognitive problems?. In: Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 2014, vol. 3, n° 1, p. 37-43. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:35980|