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Scientific article
Open access
English

GAD65-mediated glutamate decarboxylation reduces glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in pancreatic beta cells

Published inThe Journal of biological chemistry, vol. 276, no. 39, p. 36391-36396
Publication date2001
Abstract

Mitochondrial metabolism plays a pivotal role in the pancreatic beta cell by generating signals that couple glucose sensing to insulin secretion. We have demonstrated previously that mitochondrially derived glutamate participates directly in the stimulation of insulin exocytosis. The aim of the present study was to impose altered cellular glutamate levels by overexpression of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) to repress elevation of cytosolic glutamate. INS-1E cells infected with a recombinant adenovirus vector encoding GAD65 showed efficient overexpression of the GAD protein with a parallel increase in enzyme activity. In control cells glutamate levels were slightly increased by 7.5 mm glucose (1.4-fold) compared with the effect at 15 mm (2.3-fold) versus basal 2.5 mm glucose. Upon GAD overexpression, glutamate concentrations were no longer elevated by 15 mm glucose as compared with controls (-40%). Insulin secretion was stimulated in control cells by glucose at 7.5 mm (2.5-fold) and more efficiently at 15 mm (5.2-fold). INS-1E cells overexpressing GAD exhibited impaired insulin secretion on stimulation with 15 mm glucose (-37%). The secretory response to 30 mm KCl, used to raise cytosolic Ca(2+) levels, was unaffected. Similar results were obtained in perifused rat pancreatic islets following adenovirus transduction. This GAD65-mediated glutamate decarboxylation correlating with impaired glucose-induced insulin secretion is compatible with a role for glutamate as a glucose-derived factor participating in insulin exocytosis.

Keywords
  • Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism
  • Adenoviridae/genetics
  • Animals
  • Calcium/metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytosol/metabolism
  • Exocytosis
  • Glucose/metabolism
  • Glutamate Decarboxylase/metabolism
  • Glutamates/metabolism
  • Glutamic Acid/metabolism
  • Humans
  • Immunoblotting
  • Insulin/metabolism/secretion
  • Islets of Langerhans/cytology/metabolism
  • Isoenzymes/metabolism
  • Membrane Potentials
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence
  • Mitochondria/metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Rats
  • Recombinant Proteins/metabolism
  • Time Factors
  • Transduction, Genetic
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
Citation (ISO format)
RUBI, Blanca et al. GAD65-mediated glutamate decarboxylation reduces glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in pancreatic beta cells. In: The Journal of biological chemistry, 2001, vol. 276, n° 39, p. 36391–36396. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M104999200
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
accessLevelPublic
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0021-9258
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212downloads

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