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Hemianopia and neglect influence on straight-ahead perception

Honoré, Jacques
Richard, Christelle
Rousseaux, Marc
Published in European Neurology. 2010, vol. 64, no. 5, p. 297-303
Abstract In spatial neglect, the pathological ipsilesional deviation of the subjective straight ahead (SSA) received both 'translational' and 'rotational' interpretations. Furthermore, hemianopia per se could also influence straight-ahead (SA) perception. Here, we aimed at disentangling the relative effects of neglect and hemianopia on the SSA by using a method analyzing translation and rotation in parallel. We included patients with a right hemisphere stroke. Ten had neglect and hemianopia, 6 neglect only, 3 hemianopia only, and 12 neither one nor the other. 15 were controls. Participants had to adjust a bar, movable in translation and rotation, SA of the navel, in darkness. Patients with spatial neglect showed systematic rightward translation, greater when hemianoptic. The rotation component appeared more variable and was influenced by the presence of a visual field defect, as most of the patients with hemianopia showed an anticlockwise rotation and most of the patients without hemianopia a clockwise rotation. Non-neglect patients and control subjects demonstrated a fair performance level. In conclusion, both neglect and hemianopia resulted in a translation error of the SSA to the ipsilesional side. In neglect patients, additional hemianopia resulted in a counterclockwise rotation. Furthermore, rotation and translation errors appeared dissociated, suggesting a different coding of these dimensions by the right posterior hemisphere.
Keywords AdultAgedAged, 80 and overAnalysis of VarianceBrain MappingFemaleFunctional Laterality/physiologyHead/innervation/physiopathologyHemianopsia/physiopathologyHumansMagnetic Resonance Imaging/methodsMaleMiddle AgedPerceptual Disorders/physiopathology
PMID: 21042025
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Research group Mécanismes cérébraux du comportement et des fonctions cognitives (701)
Project FNS: (#3200B0- 114014)
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SAJ, Arnaud et al. Hemianopia and neglect influence on straight-ahead perception. In: European Neurology, 2010, vol. 64, n° 5, p. 297-303. doi: 10.1159/000321420 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:34270

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Deposited on : 2014-02-11

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