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The pusher syndrome reverses the orienting bias caused by spatial neglect

Honoré, Jacques
Rousseaux, Marc
Published in Neuropsychologia. 2009, vol. 47, no. 3, p. 634-8
Abstract Spatial neglect can be accompanied by a pusher syndrome (PS) which is characterized by a postural deviation towards the contralesional side. In this study, the representation of the body orientation in the horizontal plane was evaluated in neglect patients with and without PS. The participants had to align a luminous rod with the straight ahead direction, a method allowing the measure of both horizontal components of subjective straight ahead, i.e. lateral shift and yaw rotation. Eighteen patients with a lesion of the right hemisphere were compared with ten healthy participants. Patients had neglect and PS (P+N+; n=3), neglect only (P-N+; n=10), or neither neglect nor PS (P-N-; n=5). P+N+ patients showed a significant leftward shift contrasting with the rightward shift of P-N+. No shift occurred in patients without neglect and controls. No significant yaw error was recorded in any groups. The original result of this study was an inversion of the sign of the bias in neglect patients with PS. This could be related to the postural disorders characterizing this syndrome, and which are opposite to those usually observed in spatial neglect. Thus, these data suggest a link between disorders of spatial representations and disorders of posture.
Keywords AdultAgedAnalysis of VarianceBrain/pathologyBrain Injuries/complicationsFemaleFunctional LateralityHumansMagnetic Resonance ImagingMaleMiddle AgedNeuropsychological TestsOrientationPerceptual Disorders/etiology/pathology/physiopathologyPostural BalanceSpace PerceptionVisual Perception
PMID: 19056410
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Research group Mécanismes cérébraux du comportement et des fonctions cognitives (701)
FNS: (#3200B0- 114014)
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HONORÉ, Jacques et al. The pusher syndrome reverses the orienting bias caused by spatial neglect. In: Neuropsychologia, 2009, vol. 47, n° 3, p. 634-8. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2008.11.008 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:34268

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Deposited on : 2014-02-11

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