en
Scientific article
English

The pusher syndrome reverses the orienting bias caused by spatial neglect

Published inNeuropsychologia, vol. 47, no. 3, p. 634-638
Publication date2009
Abstract

Spatial neglect can be accompanied by a pusher syndrome (PS) which is characterized by a postural deviation towards the contralesional side. In this study, the representation of the body orientation in the horizontal plane was evaluated in neglect patients with and without PS. The participants had to align a luminous rod with the straight ahead direction, a method allowing the measure of both horizontal components of subjective straight ahead, i.e. lateral shift and yaw rotation. Eighteen patients with a lesion of the right hemisphere were compared with ten healthy participants. Patients had neglect and PS (P+N+; n=3), neglect only (P-N+; n=10), or neither neglect nor PS (P-N-; n=5). P+N+ patients showed a significant leftward shift contrasting with the rightward shift of P-N+. No shift occurred in patients without neglect and controls. No significant yaw error was recorded in any groups. The original result of this study was an inversion of the sign of the bias in neglect patients with PS. This could be related to the postural disorders characterizing this syndrome, and which are opposite to those usually observed in spatial neglect. Thus, these data suggest a link between disorders of spatial representations and disorders of posture.

Keywords
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Brain/pathology
  • Brain Injuries/complications
  • Female
  • Functional Laterality
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Orientation
  • Perceptual Disorders/etiology/pathology/physiopathology
  • Postural Balance
  • Space Perception
  • Visual Perception
Funding
  • Swiss National Science Foundation - (#3200B0- 114014)
Citation (ISO format)
HONORÉ, Jacques et al. The pusher syndrome reverses the orienting bias caused by spatial neglect. In: Neuropsychologia, 2009, vol. 47, n° 3, p. 634–638. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2008.11.008
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Article (Published version)
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0028-3932
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