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Time-course of motor inhibition during hypnotic paralysis: EEG topographical and source analysis

Published in Cortex. 2013, vol. 49, no. 2, p. 423-36
Abstract Cognitive hypotheses of hypnotic phenomena have proposed that executive attentional systems may be either inhibited or overactivated to produce a selective alteration or disconnection of some mental operations. Recent brain imaging studies have reported changes in activity in both medial (anterior cingulate) and lateral (inferior) prefrontal areas during hypnotically induced paralysis, overlapping with areas associated with attentional control as well as inhibitory processes. To compare motor inhibition mechanisms responsible for paralysis during hypnosis and those recruited by voluntary inhibition, we used electroencephalography (EEG) to record brain activity during a modified bimanual Go-Nogo task, which was performed either in a normal baseline condition or during unilateral paralysis caused by hypnotic suggestion or by simulation (in two groups of participants, each tested once with both hands valid and once with unilateral paralysis). This paradigm allowed us to identify patterns of neural activity specifically associated with hypnotically induced paralysis, relative to voluntary inhibition during simulation or Nogo trials. We used a topographical EEG analysis technique to investigate both the spatial organization and the temporal sequence of neural processes activated in these different conditions, and to localize the underlying anatomical generators through minimum-norm methods. We found that preparatory activations were similar in all conditions, despite left hypnotic paralysis, indicating preserved motor intentions. A large P3-like activity was generated by voluntary inhibition during voluntary inhibition (Nogo), with neural sources in medial prefrontal areas, while hypnotic paralysis was associated with a distinctive topography activity during the same time-range and specific sources in right inferior frontal cortex. These results add support to the view that hypnosis might act by enhancing executive control systems mediated by right prefrontal areas, but does not produce paralysis via direct motor inhibition processes normally used for the voluntary suppression of actions.
Keywords AdultAnalysis of VarianceBrain MappingCuesData Interpretation, StatisticalElectroencephalographyEvoked Potentials/physiologyFemaleFunctional Laterality/physiologyHumansHypnosisMaleParalysis/physiopathology/psychologyPrefrontal Cortex/physiologyPsychomotor Performance/physiologyReproducibility of ResultsYoung Adult
PMID: 23211547
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Research group Mécanismes cérébraux du comportement et des fonctions cognitives (701)
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COJAN, Yann et al. Time-course of motor inhibition during hypnotic paralysis: EEG topographical and source analysis. In: Cortex, 2013, vol. 49, n° 2, p. 423-36. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2012.09.013 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:34017

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Deposited on : 2014-02-03

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