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Relative stabilities of cholestadienes calculated by molecular mechanics and semi-empirical methods: application to the acid-catalyzed rearrangement reactions of cholesta-3,5-diene
|Published in||Organic Geochemistry. 2000, vol. 31, no. 12, p. 1589-1596|
|Abstract||The study of geochemical transformations undergone by ‘biological markers' after their incorporation into sediments is an important field of organic geochemistry. Combined with laboratory simulation experiments, molecular mechanics calculations have been shown to be very useful to establish the reaction pathways, and to predict intermediate components and stable reaction end products, especially in the case of the acid-catalyzed isomerization reactions of steroid and terpenoid hydrocarbons. Many commercially available softwares are able to optimize (minimize) the geometries of molecules and compute some of their thermodynamical data with either molecular mechanics (MM) or semi-empirical methods of quantum chemistry. In order to verify the reliability of these methods, we have computed the relative thermodynamic stabilities of a large number of steradiene isomers with MM3 (Tripos Inc.), MM+ (HYPERCHEMTM) and MM2 (Chem3D, CambridgeSoft Corp.) empirical force fields, and with AM1 and PM3 (HYPERCHEMTM) semi-empirical methods. The calculation results of thermodynamic stabilities of steradiene isomers are used to explain the compounds produced by the rearrangement of cholesta-3,5-diene when treated with p-toluenesulfonic acid in acetic acid at 70°C. The end products, namely the spirosteradienes 7–8, obtained by this treatment are the most stable steradiene isomers according to all computational methods. The relative thermodynamic stabilities of cholestadienes are also consistent with the mechanism postulated for the spirosteradiene formation proceeding through a pathway including cholestadienes 2–6 as intermediates.|
|Keywords||Cholestadiene isomerization — Acid catalyzed rearrangement — Thermodynamic stabilities — Molecular mechanics calculations — Semi-empirical calculations|
|Research group||Groupe Gülaçar|
|SCHÜPFER, Patrick Y., GULACAR, Fazil. Relative stabilities of cholestadienes calculated by molecular mechanics and semi-empirical methods: application to the acid-catalyzed rearrangement reactions of cholesta-3,5-diene. In: Organic Geochemistry, 2000, vol. 31, n° 12, p. 1589-1596. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:3211|