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Spontaneous calcium oscillations control c-fos transcription via the serum response element in neuroendocrine cells

Van Haasteren, Goedele
Published in Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2002, vol. 277, no. 42, p. 39713-21
Abstract In excitable cells the localization of Ca2+ signals plays a central role in the cellular response, especially in the control of gene transcription. To study the effect of localized Ca2+ signals on the transcriptional activation of the c-fos oncogene, we stably expressed various c-fos beta-lactamase reporter constructs in pituitary AtT20 cells. A significant, but heterogenous expression of c-fos beta-lactamase was observed in unstimulated cells, and a further increase was observed using KCl depolarization, epidermal growth factor (EGF), pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP), and serum. The KCl response was almost abolished by a nuclear Ca2+ clamp, indicating that a rise in nuclear Ca2+ is required. In contrast, the basal expression was not affected by the nuclear Ca2+ clamp, but it was strongly reduced by nifedipine, a specific antagonist of l-type Ca2+ channels. Spontaneous Ca2+ oscillations, blocked by nifedipine, were observed in the cytosol but did not propagate to the nucleus, suggesting that a rise in cytosolic Ca2+ is sufficient for basal c-fos expression. Inactivation of the c-fos promoter cAMP/Ca2+ response element (CRE) had no effect on basal or stimulated expression, whereas inactivation of the serum response element (SRE) had the same marked inhibitory effect as nifedipine. These experiments suggest that in AtT20 cells spontaneous Ca2+ oscillations maintain a basal c-fos transcription through the serum response element. Further induction of c-fos expression by depolarization requires a nuclear Ca2+ increase.
Keywords AnimalsCalcium/metabolismCell LineCell Membrane/metabolismCell Nucleus/metabolismGenes, ReporterLuciferases/metabolismMicroscopy, FluorescencePituitary Gland/cytologyPlasmids/metabolismPotassium Chloride/metabolismProtein BindingProto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos/metabolismRatsSerum Response ElementTime FactorsTranscription, GeneticBeta-Lactamases/metabolism
PMID: 12121970
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Research group Signaux intracellulaires (210)
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MATURANA, Andrés et al. Spontaneous calcium oscillations control c-fos transcription via the serum response element in neuroendocrine cells. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2002, vol. 277, n° 42, p. 39713-21. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:30347

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Deposited on : 2013-10-11

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