en
Scientific article
English

What is the Nature of the Self-defining Memories of Repression-prone Individuals ?

Published inSelf and identity, vol. 11, no. 4, p. 492-515
Publication date2012
Abstract

The present study investigates the ability to predict various self-defining memory dimensions from individual differences in repressiveness, operationalized by high levels of defensiveness and low levels of trait anxiety. Three self-defining memories from 83 participants (aged between 27 and 43 years) recruited from the general population were analyzed with multilevel models. The main results showed that repression-prone individuals, relative to more adjusted individuals, retrieved more specific self-defining memories and were less likely to extract meanings from their personal memories. Moreover, self-threatening, self-defining memories of repression-prone individuals contained fewer negative emotional words than did those of more adjusted individuals. These results are discussed in light of a recent affect-regulation view of emotional autobiographical memories.

Keywords
  • Self-defining memories
  • Repression
  • Memory specificity
  • Memory integration
  • Affect regulation
Citation (ISO format)
LARDI ROBYN, Claudia, GHISLETTA, Paolo, VAN DER LINDEN, Martial. What is the Nature of the Self-defining Memories of Repression-prone Individuals ? In: Self and identity, 2012, vol. 11, n° 4, p. 492–515. doi: 10.1080/15298868.2011.603902
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Article (Published version)
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1529-8868
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