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Oxidative stress induced by inorganic nanoparticles in bacteria and aquatic microalgae – state of the art and knowledge gaps

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Published in Nanotoxicology. 2014, vol. 8, no. 6, p. 605-630
Abstract Nanotechnology has revolutionised many areas of modern life, technology and research, which is reflected in the steadily increasing global demand for and consumption of engineered nanomaterials and the inevitable increase of their release into the environment by human activity. The overall long-term impact of engineered nanomaterials on ecosystems is still unknown. Various inorganic nanoparticles have been found to exhibit bactericidal properties and cause growth inhibition in model aquatic microalgae, but the mechanisms of toxicity are not yet fully understood. The causal link between particle properties and biological effects or reactive oxygen species generation is not well established and represents the most eminent quest of nanoecotoxicological investigation. In this review, the current mechanistic understanding of the toxicity of inorganic metal and metal oxide engineered nanomaterials towards bacterial and aquatic microalgal model organisms based on the paradigm of oxidative stress is presented along with a detailed compilation of available literature on the major toxicity factors and research methods.
Keywords reactive oxygen speciesenvironmentnanoecotox- icologyhazard assessmentrisk assessmentaquatic microorganisms
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Research group Environmental Biogeochemistry and Ecotoxicology
Project FNS: 64
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VON MOOS, Nadia Rachel, SLAVEYKOVA, Vera. Oxidative stress induced by inorganic nanoparticles in bacteria and aquatic microalgae – state of the art and knowledge gaps. In: Nanotoxicology, 2014, vol. 8, n° 6, p. 605-630. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:28698

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Deposited on : 2013-06-26

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