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Neuroaxonal regeneration is more pronounced in early multiple sclerosis than in traumatic brain injury lesions

Schirmer, Lucas
König, Fatima B
Brück, Wolfgang
Stadelmann, Christine
Published in Brain Pathology. 2013, vol. 23, no. 1, p. 2-12
Abstract The extent of irreversible neuroaxonal damage is the key determinant of permanent disability in traumatic and inflammatory conditions of the central nervous system (CNS). Structural damage is nevertheless in part compensated by neuroplastic events. However, it is unknown whether the same kinetics and mechanisms of neuroaxonal de- and regeneration take place in inflammatory and traumatic conditions. We analyzed neuroaxonal degeneration and plasticity in early multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Neuroaxonal degeneration identified by the presence of SMI31+ chromatolytic neurons and SMI32+ axonal profiles were characteristic features of leukocortical TBI lesions. Axonal transport disturbances as determined by amyloid precursor protein (APP)+ spheroids were present in both TBI and MS lesions to a similar degree. Neurons expressing growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43) and synaptophysin (Syn) were found under both pathological conditions. However, axonal swellings immunopositive for GAP43 and Syn clearly prevailed in subcortical MS lesions, suggesting a higher regenerative potential in MS. In this context, GAP43+/APP+ axonal spheroid ratios correlated with macrophage infiltration in TBI and MS lesions, supporting the idea that phagocyte activation might promote neuroplastic events. Furthermore, axonal GAP43+ and Syn+ swellings correlated with prolonged survival after TBI, indicating a sustained regenerative response.
Keywords AdolescentAdultAgedAged, 80 and overAmyloid beta-Protein Precursor/metabolismAxons/pathology/physiologyBiopsyBrain Injuries/pathology/physiopathologyCerebral Cortex/metabolism/pathologyFemaleGAP-43 Protein/metabolismHumansMaleMiddle AgedMultiple Sclerosis/pathology/physiopathologyNerve Degeneration/etiology/metabolism/pathologyNerve Tissue Proteins/metabolismNeurofilament Proteins/metabolismNeurons/metabolism/pathologyRegeneration/physiologySynaptophysin/metabolismYoung Adult
PMID: 22612622
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Research group La Sclérose en plaques (908)
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SCHIRMER, Lucas et al. Neuroaxonal regeneration is more pronounced in early multiple sclerosis than in traumatic brain injury lesions. In: Brain Pathology, 2013, vol. 23, n° 1, p. 2-12. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:28444

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Deposited on : 2013-06-10

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