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Alternating current-dielectrophoresis driven on-chip collection and chaining of green microalgae in freshwaters

Velev, Orlin D.
Published in Biomicrofluidics. 2013, vol. 7, no. 2, p. 024109
Abstract The capability of the AC dielectrophoresis (DEP) for on-chip capture and chaining of microalgae suspended in freshwaters was evaluated. The effects of freshwater composition as well as the electric field voltage, frequency, and duration, on the dielectrophoretic response of microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii were characterized systematically. Highest efficiency of cell alignment in onedimensional arrays, determined by the percentage of cells in chain and the chain length, was obtained at AC-field of 20V/mmand 1 kHz applied for 600 s. The DEP response and cell alignment of C. reinhardtii in water sampled from lake, pond, and river, as well as model media were affected by the chemical composition of the media. In the model media, the efficiency of DEP chaining was negatively correlated to the conductivity of the cell suspensions, being higher in suspensions with low conductivity. The cells suspended in freshwaters, however, showed anomalously high chaining at long exposure times. High concentrations of nitrate and dissolved organic matter decrease cell chaining efficiency, while phosphate and citrate concentrations increase it and favor formation of longer chains. Importantly, the application of AC-field had no effect on algal autofluorescence, cell membrane damage, or oxidative stress damages in C. reinhardtii.
Keywords AC dielectrophoresiscell alignmentChlamydomonas reinhardtiivoltagefrequencytimefreshwater composition
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SUSCILLON, Coralie, VELEV, Orlin D., SLAVEYKOVA, Vera. Alternating current-dielectrophoresis driven on-chip collection and chaining of green microalgae in freshwaters. In: Biomicrofluidics, 2013, vol. 7, n° 2, p. 024109. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:27862

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Deposited on : 2013-05-15

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