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Use of a medical reasoning aptitude test to help predict performance in medical school

Dawson-Saunders, Beth
Barrows, Howard S.
Published in Journal of Medical Education. 1987, vol. 62, no. 4, p. 325-35
Abstract A medical reasoning aptitude test (MRAT) was designed to assess aptitude for clinical problem-solving in medical school applicants. The purpose of the study reported here was to determine whether the information provided by this test, when used in conjunction with college grade-point averages (GPAs) and scores on the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), would improve the prediction of medical school performance. Specifically, the authors investigated the incremental predictive value of the MRAT relative to students' overall performance in medical school and, more specifically, to their knowledge and clinical reasoning during preclinical years and clinical performance during the clerkship year. Overall, it was found that, with the exception of the first year, the addition of MRAT scores to the GPAs and MCAT scores increased precision in identifying students who performed poorly or exceptionally well in the second year and the clinical clerkship year. This last finding is especially useful, since few other tests have provided that information. On the basis of the preliminary findings, the authors propose further use and validation of the MRAT.
Keywords AchievementAptitude TestsClinical ClerkshipCollege Admission TestEducationMedicalUndergraduateEducationPremedicalEducational MeasurementHumansProbabilityProblem SolvingSchool Admission CriteriaStatistics as Topic
PMID: 3560177
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Research group Evaluation et monitoring des études prégraduées de médecine (332)
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VU, Nu Viet, DAWSON-SAUNDERS, Beth, BARROWS, Howard S. Use of a medical reasoning aptitude test to help predict performance in medical school. In: Journal of Medical Education, 1987, vol. 62, n° 4, p. 325-35. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:26139

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Deposited on : 2013-02-04

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