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Six years of comprehensive, clinical, performance-based assessment using standardized patients at the Southern Illinois University School of Medicine

Barrows, H S
Marcy, M L
Verhulst, S J
Colliver, J A
Travis, T
Published in Academic medicine. 1992, vol. 67, no. 1, p. 42-50
Abstract By the end of 1990-91, the Southern Illinois University School of Medicine had had six years of experience with comprehensive, performance-based examinations of senior medical students' levels of clinical competence; this report assesses the psychometric aspects of the six examinations given during that period. The examinations were aimed at determining the students' readiness for postgraduate training. Compared with other clinical performance-based assessments that use standardized patients (SPs), these examinations had two important and unique features: (1) the examinations assessed a comprehensive range of clinical skills and reasoning; and (2) they approximated the challenges of real clinical practice wherein a practitioner's skills need to be orchestrated and prioritized in order to meet the challenges of the case encountered. Each year, the performance-based assessment given was an intensive clinical examination requiring each student to work up 13 to 18 SP problems over a three-day period. To administer an examination to an entire class of students took three weeks. Because all students after the first year of administration (1986) were required to pass these examinations, the fairness of test design and scoring and the setting of performance standards for the examinations became important issues for the faculty. The results, accumulated over six years and based on a total of 6,804 student-patient encounters involving 405 students, indicate that this kind of clinical performance-based examination can discriminate a wide range of students' clinical performances. The results provide evidence for the examinations' test security, content validity, construct validity, and reliability.
Keywords Clinical Clerkship/standardsClinical Competence/standardsEducationMedicalUndergraduate/standardsEducational Measurement/methods/standardsEvaluation Studies as TopicHumansIllinoisReproducibility of Results
PMID: 1729994
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Research group Evaluation et monitoring des études prégraduées de médecine (332)
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VU, Nu Viet et al. Six years of comprehensive, clinical, performance-based assessment using standardized patients at the Southern Illinois University School of Medicine. In: Academic medicine, 1992, vol. 67, n° 1, p. 42-50. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:26097

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