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Delayed but Complete Response following Oral Temozolomide Treatment in Melanoma Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis

Hottinger, Andreas F
Published in Case Reports in Oncology. 2011, vol. 4, no. 1, p. 211-5
Abstract Isolated leptomeningeal recurrence of melanoma is rare, occurring in 2% of patients with central nervous system involvement secondary to melanoma. The optimal treatment of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC) in melanoma has not yet been determined and remains a major challenge. We report a melanoma patient who presented with isolated LMC in the form of a new-onset weakness of the lower limbs, paresthesia of the left hand and foot, lumbago and headache. A lumbar puncture and spinal MRI confirmed LMC. The patient was treated with temozolomide 75 mg/m(2)/day on a 4 weeks on/2 weeks off schedule. After an initial transient clinical deterioration, the patient showed a complete radiological response as well as a dramatic improvement in quality of life. The encouraging clinical response reported here suggests that dose-intensified temozolomide might have significant activity in the treatment of leptomeningeal dissemination of melanoma and may be a valid treatment option for patients who have not been previously exposed to this agent. Moreover, this treatment regimen is extremely well tolerated and obviates the need for repeated intrathecal administrations of chemotherapeutic agents, which are often not well tolerated by patients who have significant co-morbidities due to their disease. As illustrated in this case, response to temozolomide may occur in a delayed manner, highlighting the importance of following temozolomide treatment long enough before determining that it is inefficient in a given patient.
PMID: 21516271
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Research groups Groupe Pache Jean-Claude (pathologie clinique) (658)
Immunothérapie des cancers (42)
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HOTTINGER, Andreas F et al. Delayed but Complete Response following Oral Temozolomide Treatment in Melanoma Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis. In: Case Reports in Oncology, 2011, vol. 4, n° 1, p. 211-5. doi: 10.1159/000327699 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:25539

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Deposited on : 2013-01-15

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