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Integrated risk analysis : how to consider coping capacity ?

Published in Scira Menoni. Risk challenging publics, scientists and governments. Como, Italy - 12-14 September 2005 - Taylor & Francis. 2010, p. 105-117
Abstract Standard risk analysis usually considers hazard, elements at risk and their vulnerability. In this study, we attempt to incorporate risk reduction measures and also potential human coping capacities in order to develop an integrated risk index. Distinguishing coping capacities from global vulnerability aims at showing that positive points already exist and therefore encourage concerned stakeholders to pursue their effort in risk reduction. Such an approach involves the development of two sets of indicators. The indicators considered are defining generic vulnerability and coping capacities, i.e. not hazard related. The case study is Guatemala, in Central America, a country facing multiple hazards, the major ones being seismic and volcanic activities, landslides, flooding and wildfires. This investigation is carried out at a departmental scale. This scale of investigation is already suitable for planners and administrators dealing with risk management inside a country. As data are defined in various units, the integrated risk index will be achieved through normalization and aggregation procedures. Results show that taking into account the capacities of people and existing mitigation measures allows the highlighting of existing strengths and weaknesses at department level. At this level, it is already possible to prioritize actions. This study concludes that developing an integrated risk index at departmental level is a first step, demonstrating that one should not only act on vulnerability but also to consider coping capacities, which will be a challenge for any stakeholders dealing with risk management, from emergency to risk reduction.
Keywords risk analysiscoping capacityGuatemala
ISBN: 978-0-415-58072-4
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Proceedings chapter (Author postprint) (492 Kb) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
Research groups ISE Pôle Sciences
Physical Volcanology and Geological Risk
(ISO format)
FRISCHKNECHT, Corine, WAGNER, Jean-Jacques, ROMERIO-GIUDICI, Franco. Integrated risk analysis : how to consider coping capacity ?. In: Scira Menoni (Ed.). Risk challenging publics, scientists and governments. Como, Italy. Taylor & Francis : [s.n.], 2010. p. 105-117. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:24370

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Deposited on : 2012-12-10

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