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Excess of serotonin affects neocortical pyramidal neuron migration

Hornung, J P
Published in Translational psychiatry. 2011, vol. 1, e47
Abstract The serotonin transporter (SERT) is a key molecule involved in the homeostasis of extracellular levels of serotonin and is regulated developmentally. Genetic deletion of SERT in rodents increases extracellular levels of serotonin and affects cellular processes involved in neocortical circuit assembly such as barrel cortex wiring and cortical interneuron migration. Importantly, pharmacological blockade of SERT during brain development leads to phenotypes relevant to psychiatry in rodents and to an increased risk for autism spectrum disorders in humans. Furthermore, developmental adversity interacts with genetically-driven variations of serotonin function in humans and nonhuman primates to increase the risk for a variety of stress-related phenotypes. In this study, we investigate whether an excess of serotonin affects the migration of neocortical pyramidal neurons during development. Using in utero electroporation combined with time-lapse imaging to specifically monitor pyramidal neurons during late mouse embryogenesis, we show that an excess of serotonin reversibly affects the radial migration of pyramidal neurons. We further identify that the serotonin receptor 5-HT(6) is expressed in pyramidal neuron progenitors and that 5-HT(6) receptor activation replicates the effects of serotonin stimulation. Finally, we show that the positioning of superficial layer pyramidal neurons is altered in vivo in SERT knockout mice. Taken together, these results indicate that a developmental excess of serotonin decreases the migration speed of cortical pyramidal neurons, affecting a fundamental step in the assembly of neural circuits. These findings support the hypothesis that developmental dysregulation of serotonin homeostasis has detrimental effects on neocortical circuit formation and contributes to increased vulnerability to psychiatric disorders.
PMID: 22833193
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Article (Published version) (710 Kb) - public document Free access
Research groups Groupe Dayer Alexandre (Formation du circuit cortical) (875)
Groupe Schaller Karl-Lothard (neurochirurgie) (851)
Neurobiologie développementale et plasticité (880)
Swiss National Science Foundation: Molecular control of cortical circuits
(ISO format)
RICCIO WICHT, Orbicia et al. Excess of serotonin affects neocortical pyramidal neuron migration. In: Translational Psychiatry, 2011, vol. 1, p. e47. doi: 10.1038/tp.2011.49 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:24351

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Deposited on : 2012-12-07

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