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Scientific article
English

Morphological and functional aspects of STIM1-dependent assembly and disassembly of store-operated calcium entry complexes

Published inBiochemical Society transactions, vol. 40, no. 1, p. 112-118
Publication date2012
Abstract

The SOCE (store-operated Ca2+ entry) pathway is a central component of cell signalling that links the Ca2+-filling state of the ER (endoplasmic reticulum) to the activation of Ca2+-permeable channels at the PM (plasma membrane). SOCE channels maintain a high free Ca2+ concentration within the ER lumen required for the proper processing and folding of proteins, and fuel the long-term cellular Ca2+ signals that drive gene expression in immune cells. SOCE is initiated by the oligomerization on the membrane of the ER of STIMs (stromal interaction molecules) whose luminal EF-hand domain switches from globular to an extended conformation as soon as the free Ca2+ concentration within the ER lumen ([Ca2+]ER) decreases below basal levels of ~500 μM. The conformational changes induced by the unbinding of Ca2+ from the STIM1 luminal domain promote the formation of higher-order STIM1 oligomers that move towards the PM and exposes activating domains in STIM1 cytosolic tail that bind to Ca2+ channels of the Orai family at the PM and induce their activation. Both SOCE and STIM1 oligomerization are reversible events, but whether restoring normal [Ca2+]ER levels is sufficient to initiate the deoligomerization of STIM1 and to control the termination of SOCE is not known. The translocation of STIM1 towards the PM involves the formation of specialized compartments derived from the ER that we have characterized at the ultrastructural level and termed the pre-cortical ER, the cortical ER and the thin cortical ER. Pre-cortical ER structures are thin ER tubules enriched in STIM1 extending along microtubules and located deep inside cells. The cortical ER is located in the cell periphery in very close proximity (8-11 nm) to the plasma membrane. The thin cortical ER consists of thinner sections of the cortical ER enriched in STIM1 and devoid of chaperones that appear to be specialized ER compartments dedicated to Ca2+ signalling.

Keywords
  • Calcium/metabolism
  • Calcium Channels/metabolism
  • Calcium Signaling
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum/metabolism
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Multiprotein Complexes/metabolism
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Transport
  • TRPC Cation Channels/metabolism
Citation (ISO format)
SHEN, Weiwei, DEMAUREX, Nicolas. Morphological and functional aspects of STIM1-dependent assembly and disassembly of store-operated calcium entry complexes. In: Biochemical Society transactions, 2012, vol. 40, n° 1, p. 112–118. doi: 10.1042/BST20110620
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ISSN of the journal0300-5127
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Creation06/04/2012 8:18:00 PM
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