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Maternal and paternal lineages in Albania and the genetic structure of Indo-European populations

Belledi, M.
Casalotti, R.
Conterio, F.
Mikerezi, I.
Tagliavini, J.
Published in European journal of human genetics. 2000, vol. 8, no. 7, p. 480-486
Abstract Mitochondrial DNA HV1 sequences and Y chromosome haplotypes (DYS19 STR and YAP) were characterised in an Albanian sample and compared with those of several other Indo-European populations from the European continent. No significant difference was observed between Albanians and most other Europeans, despite the fact that Albanians are clearly different from all other Indo-Europeans linguistically. We observe a general lack of genetic structure among Indo-European populations for both maternal and paternal polymorphisms, as well as low levels of correlation between linguistics and genetics, even though slightly more significant for the Y chromosome than for mtDNA. Altogether, our results show that the linguistic structure of continental Indo-European populations is not reflected in the variability of the mitochondrial and Y chromosome markers. This discrepancy could be due to very recent differentiation of Indo-European populations in Europe and/or substantial amounts of gene flow among these populations.
Keywords Albania/epidemiologyMitochondrial/genetics DNAEthnic Groups/classification/geneticsEurope/epidemiologyEuropean Continental Ancestry Group/geneticsMolecular EvolutionGene FrequencyGenetic MarkersPopulation GeneticsGenomic Imprinting/geneticsHumansLanguageDNA Sequence AnalysisY Chromosome/genetics
PMID: 10909846
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Research group Unité d'anthropologie
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BELLEDI, M. et al. Maternal and paternal lineages in Albania and the genetic structure of Indo-European populations. In: European journal of human genetics, 2000, vol. 8, n° 7, p. 480-486. doi: 10.1038/sj.ejhg.5200443 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:2131

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Deposited on : 2009-06-22

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