Scientific article

Maternal and paternal lineages in Albania and the genetic structure of Indo-European populations

Published inEuropean journal of human genetics, vol. 8, no. 7, p. 480-486
Publication date2000

Mitochondrial DNA HV1 sequences and Y chromosome haplotypes (DYS19 STR and YAP) were characterised in an Albanian sample and compared with those of several other Indo-European populations from the European continent. No significant difference was observed between Albanians and most other Europeans, despite the fact that Albanians are clearly different from all other Indo-Europeans linguistically. We observe a general lack of genetic structure among Indo-European populations for both maternal and paternal polymorphisms, as well as low levels of correlation between linguistics and genetics, even though slightly more significant for the Y chromosome than for mtDNA. Altogether, our results show that the linguistic structure of continental Indo-European populations is not reflected in the variability of the mitochondrial and Y chromosome markers. This discrepancy could be due to very recent differentiation of Indo-European populations in Europe and/or substantial amounts of gene flow among these populations.

  • Albania/epidemiology
  • Mitochondrial/genetics DNA
  • Ethnic Groups/classification/genetics
  • Europe/epidemiology
  • European Continental Ancestry Group/genetics
  • Molecular Evolution
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Markers
  • Population Genetics
  • Genomic Imprinting/genetics
  • Humans
  • Language
  • DNA Sequence Analysis
  • Y Chromosome/genetics
Citation (ISO format)
BELLEDI, M. et al. Maternal and paternal lineages in Albania and the genetic structure of Indo-European populations. In: European journal of human genetics, 2000, vol. 8, n° 7, p. 480–486. doi: 10.1038/sj.ejhg.5200443
Main files (1)
Article (Accepted version)
ISSN of the journal1018-4813

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