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Energy and macronutrient requirements for physical fitness in exercising subjects

Published in Clinical Nutrition. 2010, vol. 29, no. 4, p. 413-423
Abstract Optimal nutritional intakes are critical for health- and skill-related physical fitness. This review details the effect of energy restriction and supplementation on physical fitness, discusses the optimal chronic macronutrient intakes for physical fitness in exercising subjects and finally overviews the impact of short-term intakes of carbohydrate and protein, before, during and after exercise, on physical fitness of athletes. The present standings highlight that it is essential that health care givers personalize nutritional advice to meet the specific needs of exercising individuals while applying the described recommendations. It reminds the difficulty of providing straight nutritional recommendations for physical fitness on the basis of evidence-based medicine.
Keywords AthletesCaloric Restriction/adverse effects*DietDietary Carbohydrates/administration & dosage/adverse effectsDietary Fats/administration & dosage/adverse effectsDietary Proteins/administration & dosage/adverse effectsDietary Supplements/adverse effects*Energy IntakeExercise/*physiologyHumansIndividualized Medicine/methods*Nutritional RequirementsPatient Education as Topic*Physical FitnessTime Factors
PMID: 20189694
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Research groups Groupe Kayser Bengt (médecine du sport) (306)
Nutrition clinique (597)
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GENTON GRAF, Laurence, MELZER, Katarina, PICHARD, Claude. Energy and macronutrient requirements for physical fitness in exercising subjects. In: Clinical Nutrition, 2010, vol. 29, n° 4, p. 413-423. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2010.02.002 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:20963

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Deposited on : 2012-05-23

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