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Disseminated tuberculosis presenting with polymorphonuclear effusion and septic shock in an HIV-seropositive patient: a case report

Published inJournal of medical case reports, vol. 4, 155
Publication date2010
Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Because a substantial number of patients present with few or atypical symptoms, the recognition of tuberculosis remains challenging. Disseminated tuberculosis presenting with septic shock has already been described in some case reports, but, to the best of our knowledge, it has never been associated with polymorphonuclear effusion. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 27-year-old man from western Africa who was seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus. He presented with pleural and abdominal polymorphonuclear effusions and quickly developed septic shock due to disseminated Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection leading to multiple organ failure and death. CONCLUSION: In high-risk patients, Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection should be considered even in exceptional clinical presentations, such as septic shock and polymorphonuclear effusions.

Citation (ISO format)
NANCOZ, Olivier et al. Disseminated tuberculosis presenting with polymorphonuclear effusion and septic shock in an HIV-seropositive patient: a case report. In: Journal of medical case reports, 2010, vol. 4, p. 155. doi: 10.1186/1752-1947-4-155
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ISSN of the journal1752-1947
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